首页 > 中考 >

常见的英文表达缩写及英文缩略词

2020-03-25 10:30:52

  1

  英文缩略词

  电子科技类

  IT:信息技术(Information Technology)

  PC:个人电脑(Personal Computer)

  APP:应用程序(Application)

  CPU:中央处理器(Central Processing Unit)

  www:环球信息网/万维网(World Wide Web)

  WiFi:无线网络/无线保真技术(Wireless Fidelity)

  CD:光盘/激光唱片(Compact Disk)

  DJ:音乐节目主持人(Disc Jockey)

  TEL:电话机(Telephone)

  VCD:录像光盘(Video Compact Disk)

  DVD:数字录像光盘(Digital Video Disk)

  VCR:盒式磁带录像(Video Cassette Recorder)

  MV:音乐短片(Music Video)

  KTV:卡拉OK(Karaok TV)

  TV:电视(TeleVision)

  GPS:全球定位系统(Global Positioning System)

  ETC:不停车收费系统(Electronic Toll Collection)

  ABS:防锁死刹车系统(Antilock Brake System)

  SUV:运动型多用途轿车(Sport Utility Vehicle)

  BRT:快速公交系统(Bus Rapid Transit)

  LRT:轻轨公交系统(Light Rail Transit)

  ATM:自动取款机(Automatic Teller Machine)

  国家/地区及国际组织类

  PRC:中华人民共和国(The People's Republic of China)

  HK:香港(Hong Kong)

  JP:日本(Japan)

  KR:韩国(Korea)

  UK:英国(United Kingdom)

  US:美国(United States)

  USA:美国(United States of America)

  RUS:俄罗斯(Russia)

  SGP:新加坡(Singapore)

  EU:欧洲联盟/欧盟(European Union)

  UN:联合国(United Nations)


  WTO:世界贸易组织(World Trade Organization)

  WHO:世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)

  CIA:美国中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency)

  FBI:美国联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of investigation)

  FDA:食品药品监督管理局(Food and Drug Administration)

  ICAC:廉政公署(Independent Commission Against Corruption)

  OPEC:石油输出国组织/欧佩克(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)

  机构/公司和协会类

  EMS:邮政特快专递(Express Mail Service)

  PLA:中国人民解放军(People's Liberation Army)

  CCTV:中国中央电视台(China Central Television)

  CBA:中国篮球协会(Chinese Basketball Association)

  NBA:美国篮球协会(National Basketball Association)

  BBC:英国广播公司(British Broad-casting Corporation)

  VOA:美国之音(Voice of America)

  IOC:国际奥委会(International Olympic Committee)

  ISBN:国际标准书号(International Standard Book Number)

  其他常见杂类缩写

  Ad:广告(Advertisement)

  Add:地址(Address)

  BBQ:烧烤(Barbecue)

  DIY:自己动手/自助服务(Do it Yourself)

  ET:外星人(Extra Terrestrial)

  ID:身份证(Identification Card)

  IQ:智商(Intelligence Quotient)

  EQ:情商(Emotional Quotient)

  PE:体育(Physical Education)

  No.:号码/编号(Number)

  KFC:肯德基(Kentucky Fried Chicken)

  DNA:遗传基因组织(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

  GMT:格林威治时间或国际标准时间(Greenwich Mean Time)

  GDP:国内生产总值(Gross Domestic Product)

  OMG:我的上帝/我的天哪(Oh My God)

  SOS:求救信号(Save Our Soul)

  UFO:不明飞行物(Unknown Flying Object)

  VIP:重要人物/贵宾(Very Important Person)

  WC:厕所(Water Closet)

  Mr.:先生(Mister)

  Ms.:女士(Mrs. or Miss)

  Mrs.:夫人/太太(Mistress)

  AD:公元(Anno Domini)

  BC:公元前(Before Christ)

  AM:上午(Ante Meridiem)(before noon)

  PM:下午(Post Meridiem)(afternoon)

  CEO:首席执行官(Chief Executive Officer)

  CFO:首席财务官 (Chief Finance Officer)

  COO:首席运营官(Chief Operating Officer)

  CTO:首席技术官 (Chief Technology Officer)

  PhD:博士(Philosophy Doctor)

  MBA:工商管理硕士(Master of Business Administration)

  MPA:公共管理硕士(Master of Public Administration)


  中国人民银行:PBC(The People's Bank of China)

  中国建设银行:CCB(China Construction Bank)

  中国农业银行:ABC(Agriculture Bank of China)

  中国工商银行:ICBC(Industrial & Commercial Bank of China)

  中国银行:BOC(Bank of China)

  交通银行:BCM(Bank of Communications)

  招商银行:CMB(China Merchants Bank)

  星期/月份缩写

  星期一:Mon.(Monday)

  星期二:Tues.(Tuesday)

  星期三:Wed.(Wednesday)

  星期四:Thur.(Thursday)

  星期五:Fri.(Friday)

  星期六:Sat.(Saturday)

  星期天:Sun.(Sunday)

  一月:Jan.(January)

  二月:Feb.(February)

  三月:Mar.(March)

  四月:Apr.(April)

  五月:无简写(May)

  六月:Jun.(June)

  七月:Jul.(July)

  八月:Aug.(August)

  九月:Sep.(September)

  十月:Oct.(October)

  十一月:Nov.(November)

  十二月:Dec.(December)

  计量单位缩写

  克 G(Gram)

  公斤 KG(Kilogram)

  公吨 MT(Metric Ton)

  米 M(Metre)

  厘米 CM(Centimetre)

  毫米 MM(Milimetre)

  公里 KM(Kilometre)

  码 Yd.(Yard)

  英尺 Ft.(Foot)

  英寸 In.(Inch)

  升 L(Litre)

  毫升 ML(Millilitre)

  加仑 Gal(Gallon)

  千瓦 KW(Kilowatt)

  马力 HP(Horse Power)

  平方米 Sq.m(Square metre)

  立方米 Cu.m(Cubic metre)

  小时 Hr.(Hour); 分 Min.(Minute); 秒 Sec.(Second)

  2

  英文句子表达常见缩写

  not相关的否定缩写

  通常在原词后加n’t,若原词以n结尾,直接加’t。

  1、系动词 + not:

  isn’t = is not;wasn’t = was not

  aren’t = are not;weren’t = were not

  注意:am not一般不缩写。

  2、助动词 + not:

  don’t = do not;doesn’t = does not

  didn’t = did not;haven’t = have not

  hasn’t = has not;hadn’t = had not

  3、情态动词 + not:

  can’t = can not;couldn’t = could not

  won’t = will not;wouldn’t = would not

  shouldn’t = should not

  ◆例句

  1、Tom isn’t my brother. = Tom is not my brother.(汤姆不是我的弟弟。)

  2、He didn’t come back. = He did not come back.(他没有回来。)

  3、She can’t finish the work alone. = She can not finish the work alone. (她无法独自完成工作。)

  人称代词+系动词的缩写

  am缩写成’m,are缩写成’re,is缩写成’s。

  I’m = I am;he’s = he is;she’s = she is

  you’re = you are;we’re = we are

  they’re = they are;there’re = there are

  there’s = there is;that’s = that is;it’s = it is

  注意:this is一般不缩写。

  ◆例句

  1、I’m a teacher. = I am a teacher.(我是老师。)

  2、They’re my friends. = They are my friends.(他们是我的朋友。)

  3、There’s a book in my bag. = There is a book in my bag.(我包里有一本书。)

  疑问词+系动词的缩写

  Who’s = Who is;Who’re = Who are

  How’s = How is;How’re = How are

  When’s = When is;When’re = When are

  What’s = What is;What’re = What are

  Where’s = Where is;Where’re = Where are

  ◆例句

  1、How's your family? = How is your family?(你的家人都好吗?)

  2、What’s the matter? = What is the matter?(你怎么了?)

  3、Where’re you going? = Where are you going?(你要去哪?)

  助动词的相关缩写

  have缩写成’ve,has缩写成’s,had缩写成’d。


  I've = I have;You've = You have;

  He's = He has;She's = She has;It's = It has

  We've = We have;They've = They have

  I’d = I had;you’d = you had;He'd = He had;She'd = She had

  It'd = It had;We'd = We had;They'd = They had

  ◆例句

  1、I’ve got a job. = I have got a job.(我找到了一份工作。)

  2、We've been married for one year. = We have been married for one year.(我们结婚一年了。)

  3、He'd never learned to read. = He had never learned to read.(他一直没有学会阅读。)

  情态动词的相关缩写

  will缩写成’ll,would缩写成’d。

  I’ll = I will;you’ll = you will

  she’ll = she will;he’ll = he will

  we’ll = we will;they’ll = they will

  I’d = I would;you’d = you would

  she’d = she would;he’d = he would

  we’d = we would;they’d = they would

  ◆例句

  1、I’ll see you tomorrow. = I will see you tomorrow.(明天见。)

  2、He'll study harder. = He will study harder.(他将更加努力学习。)

  3、They’d like to come with us. = They would like to come with us.(他们想和我们一起去。)

  其他缩写

  1、Let’s ...=Let us ...

  2、My name’s ...=My name is ...

  ◆例句

  1、Let's go to the cinema together.=Let us go to the cinema together.(我们一起去看电影。)

  2、My name’s Gina.=My name is Gina.(我的名字叫吉娜。)

考试第一网 Copyright © 2020

本站所有信息整理自互联网,如果侵犯了您的权力,请联系我们删除(cqmuci023@foxmail.com)。