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2019中考英语短文改错题解析

2020-03-24 12:15:18

短文改错多词考点解析一:

多词错误是受汉语的干扰和影响,而出现的汉语式表达方式,这些词多为冠词、介词、代词或连接词等。

例1 Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.

分析:catch sight of为固定词组,意为“看到”,故将不定冠词a去掉。

例2 But we don’t seem to get much time to talk about together.

分析:句中未交代谈话内容,介词about是多余的。故去掉。

例3 I hope that both you two could come and visit us some time soon.

分析:句中both与two并用,属意义重复。表示“你们俩”可以说you two或you both, 故应将both去掉。

例4 I’ll spend all the whole weekend reading and preparing for it.

分析:all与whole 连用,造成语义重复,故将all去掉。

例5 In some places you may borrow as many books as you want, in other places where you are limited to a certain number, of which some may be novels.

分析:此句是简单句,不含有定语从句,in other places是句子的地点状语,故应将where去掉。

短文改错缺词考点解析二:

句中漏掉了必不可少的词语,导致句子结构和意义不完整,这些词多为功能词,如系动词、冠词、物主代词、介词及不定式符号“to”等。

例1 It’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.

分析:可数名词表泛指,前面要加不定冠词,故在famous前加a。

例2 I was happy with any program the others spent a lot time arguing.

分析:a lot加of才能接名词,故在time前加of。

例3 The day before the speech contest English teacher talked to me.

分析:可数名词前应有限定词修饰。根据文意应为“我的英语老师”,故在English前加my。

例4 I’ll take this chance to wish you wonderful time on your birthday.

分析:time本为不可数名词,但当它表示“一段时间”时,前面要加不定冠词a,故在time前加a。

例5 My parents love me dearly of course and will do what they can make sure that I get a good education.

分析:本句中can后省掉了与前面相同的实义动词do,后面的不定式to阶段make作状语,故应在make前加to。

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