Why not=why don’t you.
Would like to do sth,want to do sth ,plan to do sth.,decide to do sth.Can’t wait to do sth(迫不及待地做某事)
常放在动词的前面。作主语。常放在动词或介词的后面(也就是常说的动宾或介宾短语) This is a photo of mine(除外)。就是我们常说的带“的”的，常放在名词的前面。(也就是常说的名词前面用“带的”的。常作名词用
以很快的速度浏览全文，抓住who，when，where，what, why, how掌握文章的主旨，结合选项将100%可以确定的答案写下来。
如：Peter and Paul passed by a small house on their way home late at night.
One morning a fox was searching for his breakfast.
One morning a fox was searching for his breakfast. He went down to the lake to(36) some fish.
36. A. catch B. buy C. smell D. cook
Key:A 从前面出现search for his breakfast。可以去catch some fish.
1)Not wanting the rabbit to discover him, the fox moved(37)towards his meal.
37. A. nosily B. silently C. confidently D. angrily
Key: B 从not wanting the rabbit to discover him,所以需要静悄悄地走向他的目标
2)The poor fox could not find anything to catch for food and ended up (45) fruit.
45. A. growing B. eating C. picking D. selling
Key: B 因为文章说狐狸找不到东西抓来作食物，那只能吃水果了。
3)This shows us that sometimes a(46)mind can think better than an excited one.”
46. A. beautiful B. smart C. peaceful D. Quick
Key: C 与后面excited这个词相对比，可以知道平静的与兴奋的对比。
B. 结合常识 不悖常理
At that moment the rabbit he had met the day before started jumping up and down, making a (43) noise to warn his friends.
43. A. loud B. low C. usual D. dangerous
The Japanese Macaca monkey has been studied in the wild for over 50 years. In 1952, on one small Japanese island, scientists dropped some (36) in the dirt for the monkey. The monkey liked their taste, but they found the dirt (37) .
One clever 18-month-old monkey found she could(38) the problem by washing the sweet potatoes in a nearby river. She taught this to her mother.Her(39) also learned this new way and they taught their mothers too.
All the younger monkey (40) learned to wash the dirty sweet potatoes to make them (41) to eat. But many older monkey found it very hard to learn this and still ate the (42) sweet potatoes.
Then something very surprising (43). In the autumn of 1958, scientists found that the monkey on other nearby (44) began washing their sweet potatoes too. Scientists still don’t fully understand how this knowledge was (45) from one island to another.
36. A. sweet potatoes B. green plants
C. hard stones D. fresh nuts
37. A. beautiful B. terrible
C. difficult D. interesting
38. A. find B. reach
C. solve D. understand
39. A. children B. brothers
C. sisters D. friends
40. A. quietly B. easily
C. angrily D. awfully
41. A. nicer B. smaller
C. lighter D. drier
42. A. small B. large
C. new D. dirty
43. A. took on B. took off
C. took place D. took away
44. A. trees B. islands
C. beaches D. rivers
45. A. lost B. dropped
C. passed D. Left
36. 【解析】通过观察选项，本空要填一个名词，而该名词在本文中首次出现。根据完形填空的考查内容为上下文衔接，所以，本题答案必然在后文有所提及。通过“第一步通览全文”我们可以发现，在第二段第一句里有提到“by washing the sweet potatoes in a nearby river”，这样，我们可以得出本题答案为A。
37. 【解析】本题考查的是搭配，说甘薯的味道好，猴子们喜欢，但是他们发现dirt的味道不好。从but我们知道，本空所在的“they found the dirt 37 .”要表达与前半句的意思不同，而描写味道的形容词就只能是terrible了。因此，本题答案为B。
38.【解析】本题考查了搭配，“解决问题”的表达为“solve the problem”。所以本题答案为C。
39.【解析】本题的关键在于看出后半句they的指代对象。由于后半句“and they taught their mothers too”由此可知，这个“they”并非she的孩子或兄弟姐妹。所以本题答案为D。
40.【解析】本题的关键在下一句，“But many older monkey found it very hard to learn this”，这是一个转折，所以前面应该容易，所以本题答案为easily，答案为B。
43.【解析】本题考查短语的意思与文章的连贯，take on是“承担”的意思，take off是“脱下”或“起飞”，take place是“发生”，take away是“带走”。所以本题答案为C。
44.【解析】本空的答案也隐藏在文章最后一句话“…from island to island”。由此可知，本题答案为B。
It was the last day of school and I planned to travel to my friend’s hometown. I hadn’t seen him for years and this was a good (36) to meet him again.
I was busy at school so it was rather (37) when I came back home. It was already 10 o’clock at night. Time was running out. After a hurried meal I left. (38) I found a taxi very soon. Asking the driver to drive me fast to the station, I relaxed for a while, imagining what my friend looked like now. I was soon at the station and was sure that I would be able to (39) the train. Unfortunately, I fell on the way and lost some time. To my complete (40) , when I reached the platform, I saw that the train had just left! It was the last train so I had to (41) home.
My mother was glad to see me back as she had a feeling about my trip. But I was unhappy. I tried to relax and went to bed but I had a (42) sleep. The next morning I was very tired. As I was having breakfast the (43) arrived. I read over the pages and was shocked to(44)that the train I missed had had an accident. How (45) I was that I missed the train!
36. A. sign B. chance
C. sense D. dream
37. A. strange B. cold
C. late D. quiet
38. A. Finally B. Suddenly
C. Strangely D. Luckily
39. A. stop B. see
C. catch D. miss
40. A. satisfaction B. hope
C. surprise D. joy
41. A. call B. leave
C. reach D. return
42. A. deep B. bad
C. great D. heavy
43. A. newspaper B. ticket
C. mild D. train
44. A. find B. hear
C. feel D. remember
45. A. hopeful B. thankful
C. careful D. painful
40. 【解析】考查句意理解和固定词组。理解句意，令我惊讶的是火车已离开了站台，to my surprise令我惊讶固定词组。
Although it was only autumn, everything outside was covered in white. Unexpectedly, we were hit with a big (36) storm and no one was prepared.
We have two apple trees in our backyard. Prana, our dog, loves (37). When she goes outside，she usually grabs a dirty apple from the ground to eat later on. Prana knows that when she brings her treasure into the house, I am not always (38), so she tries to hide it from me, It is our little game.
On the day that it snowed too (39) in the season, Prana went outside and I (40) her from the window. I noticed that she was (41) lots of holes and bringing out the apples buried beneath the snow. She seemed to be (42) to dig up as many apples as she could.
But when she came back inside, she brought back only one. About five minutes later, I looked outside. The yard was completely (43) with birds. Prana had dug up all those apples for her bird friends to eat. She knew that they hadn't prepared (44) food for the early winter!
This beautiful act of unconditional love from a (an) (45) taught me what real kindness was.
36.A.sand B.snow C.thunder D.rain
37.A.apples B.winter C.games D.bones
38.A.clear B.correct C.happy D.surprised
39.A.late B.beautifully C.lightly D.early
40.A.met B.watched C.called D.heard
41.A.hiding B.finding C.cutting D.digging
42.A.determined B.suitable C.nervous D.encouraged
43.A.hit B.marked C.covered D.taken
44.A.delicious B.enough C.less D.extra
45.A.teacher B.friend C.animal D.bird
36.【解析】根据前一句“was covered in white”，可知遭受了暴风雪。
37.【解析】 根据上句中的“apple trees”和下句的“dirty apple”可知小狗喜欢苹果。
38.【解析】根据后面的“so she tries to hide it from me”可猜测“我”不高兴她把脏苹果带到房子里，因此小狗才会“藏苹果”。
42.【解析】根据小狗的一举一动，可知她在努力挖出更多的苹果。此处使用be determined to do sth“决心做某事”比较合适。
43.【解析】be covered with“被……覆盖”。