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学霸初中三年精华英语笔记

2020-03-24 04:06:15

  初中英语学习笔记大全,涵盖了初中三年考点,按字母顺序排列,方便大家查看,大家一定要好好利用这份资料~

  1

  A

  1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do

  eg:I like watching monkeys jump.

  2 (比较级 + and + 比较级)

  表示越来越怎么样

  3 a piece of cake =easy  小菜一碟(容易)

  4 agree with sb  赞成某人

  5 all kinds of 各种各样

  a kind of 一样

  6 all over the world = the whole world

  整个世界

  7 along with同……一道,伴随……

  eg : I will go along with you.

  我将和你一起去

  8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

  9 as you can see   你是知道的

  10 ask for

  ……求助, 向…要…(直接接想要的东西)

  11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

  12 ask sb to do sth  让 某人某事

  ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

  13 at the age of  在……岁时

  eg:I am sixteen .

  I am at the age of sixteen.

  14 at the beginning of ……

  ……的起初;……的开始

  15 at the end of +地点/+时间:

  最后,尽头,末尾.

  eg : At the end of the day.

  16 at this time of year  在每年的这个时候

  2

  B

  17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句

  感觉/对什么有信心,自信

  eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test.

  18 be + doing :1 现在进行时 2 将来时

  19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够……

  eg : She is able to sing She can sing.

  20 be able to do sth 能够干什么

  eg :she is able to sing.

  21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……

  eg : I'm afraid to go out at night .

  22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

  eg: I'm allowed to watch TV. 我被允许看电视

  I should be allowed to watch TV. 我应该被允许看电视

  23 be angry with sb 生某人的气

  eg : Don't be angry with me

  24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

  25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样

  eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

  26 be ashamed to

  27 be away from 远离

  28 be away from 从……离开

  29 be bad for 对什么有害

  eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes.

  在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

  30 be born 出生于

  31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事

  be busy with sth 忙于……

  32 be careful 当心;小心

  33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

  34 be famous for 以……著名

  35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

  36 be from = come from 来自

  eg :He is from Bejing .

  He comes from Bejing .

  Is he from Bejing

  Does he come from Bejing

  37 be full of 装满……的

  be filled with 充满

  eg: The glass is full of water .

  The glass is filled with water .

  38 be glad+to+do/从句

  39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

  40 be good at(+doing) = do well in

  在某方面善长, 善于……

  41 be good for 对什么有好处

  eg : Reading aloud is good for your English.

  42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

  43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

  eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you .

  Exercising is helpful to your bady .

  44 be in good health 身体健康

  45 be in trouble 处于困难中

  eg : She is in trouble.

  46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

  47 be late for = come late to 迟到

  eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

  48 be like 像……

  eg : I'm like my mother

  49 be mad at  生某人的气

  50 be made from  由……制成 (制成以后看不见原材料)

  51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)

  52 be not sure 表不确定

  53 be on a visit to 参观

  54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

  55 be quiet 安静

  56 be short for 表**的缩写

  eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

  57 be sick in bed 生病在床

  58 be sorry to do sth / be sorry for sb 对...感到抱歉

  eg : I am sorry for you .

  59 be sorry to hear that 很抱歉听到...(消息)

  60 be sorry to trouble sb 很抱歉打扰

  61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事

  eg : He's strict in obeying noles.

  62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格

  eg: Some students are not strict with themselves. 有些学生对自己不严格

  63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格

  64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

  65 be sure 表确定

  66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心

  eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well.

  67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心

  eg: I'm sure of my head /my teacher. 我相信我的大脑(老师)

  68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心

  eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test.

  69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事

  eg: We are sure to pass the test. 我们一定会通过这次考试

  Weare sure to learn English well. 我们一定能学好英语

  70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……

  71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

  72 be the same as … 和什么一样

  73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

  eg: My father is used to getting up early.

  我爸爸习惯早起。

  74 be worth doing 值得做什么

  75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

  be afraid of sth 害怕某物

  be afraid that 从句

  76 because+句子

  because of +短语

  eg : He was late because he had a headache.

  He was late because of his headache.

  77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事

  start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么


  78 between…and… 两者之间

  79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……

  lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西)

  eg : I borrowed a pen from him.我从他那借来笔。

  He lent a pen to me. / He lent me a pen .

  他把笔借给我。

  80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 相同

  81 bother

  打扰 bother sb to do sth

  eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station.

  我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站。

  the problem has been bothering me for weeks .

  这个问题困扰了我几个周了

  82 by the end of 到……为止

  3

  C

  83 call sb sth

  eg : We call him old wang .

  84 care 关心

  eg : Don't you care about this country's future

  你为什么不关心国家的未来

  85 catch up with sb 赶上某人

  86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈

  take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

  87 come in 进

  88 come over to 过来

  89 come up with 提出

  eg: Can you come up with a good idea

  你能想出一个好办法吗

  90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

  91 consider + doing 考虑做什么

  eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou

  为什么不考虑去泸州

  4

  D

  92 dance to 随着……跳舞

  eg : She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞。

  93 decide to do sth 决定做某事

  94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查

  95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

  96 do wrong 做错

  97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事

  98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

  5

  E

  99 each +名(单)每一个…

  eg : Each student has many books.

  每一个学生都有一些书 。

  100 end up +doing 以……结束

  101 enjoy +doing喜欢

  102 escape from 从……逃跑

  eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison.

  犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 。

  103 expect to do sth 期待做某事

  6

  F

  104 fall down 摔下来

  fall off 从哪摔下来

  105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么

  106 far from 离某地远

  eg : The school is far from my home.

  107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

  108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样

  eg : I find the book interesting.

  109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

  110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人

  111 forget to do 没有做而忘了

  forget doing 做了而又忘了

  eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door.

  112 from…to… 从某某到某某

  eg: From me to her.

  7

  H

  139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

  140 help a lot 很大用处

  141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面)

  help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

  142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

  143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

  144 how do you like = what do you think of

  你对什么的看法

  8

  I

  145 if : 是否=wether

  eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party .

  我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会.

  146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

  eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain.

  假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州 。

  147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为

  148 in some ways 在某些方面

  149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

  150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方

  (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

  151 in the sun 在太阳下

  152 increase 增加

  eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3% .

  他们把石油价增加了3%  。

  153 instead of +(名 ) 代替

  eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear.

  我想要苹果,而不要梨子。

  154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人

  introduce oneself 自我介绍

  155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

  156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间

  eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework.

  It takes me half an hour to cook .

  157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样

  158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样

  159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样

  It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样

  160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说)做某事怎么样

  It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样

  eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English .

  161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意 162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要

  eg: It's important to me .

  163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth

  到了该去做某事的时间

  eg : It's time to have class .

  It's time for class.

  9

  J

  164 join = take part in 参加

  165 just now 刚才

  10

  K

  166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样

  167 keep out 不让 …… 进入

  168 keep sb adj 让……保持……

  eg: I want to keep my mother happy.

  keep healthy 保持健康

  169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案

  170 key to…

  anser to …

  key 可以是答题或钥匙

  11

  L

  171 laugh at… 取笑……

  eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke .

  172 learn by oneslfe 自学

  173 learn from sb 向某人学习

  eg: We should learn from Lei Feng .

  174 learn to do sth 学做某事

  175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事

  176 Let sb down 让某人失望

  eg : We shouldn't let our parents down.

  我们不应该让我们的父母失望。

  177 live from :离某地远

  178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地

  179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看

  180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路

  eg : Lose your way 你迷路

  12

  M

  181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事

  182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友

  eg : I want to make friends with you .

  183 make it early 把时间定的早一点

  184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相

  185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么

  eg : I made her my step moller I made you my wife.

  186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样

  eg : You must made your bed clean .

  187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样

  188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事

  eg : I made him write 我以前让他写

  189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成

  190 make…difference to…

  191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么

  192 most +名 most of +代

  193 much too +形容词

  194 must be 一定

  195 need +名词    需要……

  196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事

  197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)

  199 no +名词

  200 not anymore = no more 再也不……

  eg: He didn't cry any more / He cried no more .

  他再也不哭

  201 not… (形 、副)at all

  eg: He's not tall at all.

  She doesn't junp far at all.

  202 not…at all 一点都不

  203 not…either 表否定,也不

  eg : I don't japanse either.

  I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐

  204 not…until 直到……才……

  eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back .

  The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar .

  13

  O

  205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供

  206 offer sb sth / offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人

  eg : I offer you water / I offer water to you .

  我给你提供水

  207 on one's way to… 在去……的路上

  208 on the one hand  一方面

  on the other hand  另一方面

  209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈

  210 on time   准时

  in time  及时

  211 one day =some day =someday 一天,将来有一天

  212 one of +可数名词的复数形式

  213 one to another  一个到另一个

  214 over and over again  一遍又一遍的

  eg : He cleaned the floor over and over again.

  14

  P

  215 part-time job  兼职工作

  full-time job  全职工作

  216 pay for…   付……钱

  pay the bill  开钱 ,付钱

  217 please +do

  218 please help yourself 请随意

  219 be pleased with sb   对某人感到满意

  220 pour into   川流不息的涌入,源源而来

  221 practice +doing   练习做某事

  222 prefer sth to sth   相对……更喜欢……

  eg : I prefer physics to chemisty.

  在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理

  prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…

  eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving .

  他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车

  prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿

  eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaivthe used one. 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车。

  prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意…

  eg: I prefer her not to come .我不喜欢她不来

  223 pretend to do sth 装着去做什么

  pretend that 从句

  eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard. 这两个骗子装着努力工作。

  He pretended that he did not know the answer.

  他装着不知道答案 。

  15

  R

  224 rather…than 宁可……也不……

  eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher.

  我愿肯当医生,也不当老师。

  He likes dogs rather than cats. 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫。

  225 regard…as 把……当作……

  eg: Please give my best regards to your family. 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候。

  I regard you as my friend. 我把你当作我的朋友。

  He shows little regard for others. 他不爱关心别人。

  226 remid sb about sth   提醒某人什么事

  remid sb to do sth    提醒某人做某事

  eg : He remids me about cooking /He remids me to cook.他提醒我做饭

  227 remid sb of sth   使某人想起什么

  eg : The pictures remind me of my school days.

  这照片使我想起了我的学校

  The words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother.

  228 return sth to sb   还什么东西给某人

  16

  S

  229 say to oneself   对自己说

  230 say to sb   对某人说

  231 sb spend somemoney on sth  花了多少钱在某事上

  232 sb spend sometime with sb  花了多少时间陪谁

  233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事

  234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are

  235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事

  see sb doing  看见某人正在做某事

  236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样


  eg : You seem to be tired You seem to be happy.

  237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物

  238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去

  239 shock 使……震惊

  eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock.

  啊,是你呀!吓我一跳。

  240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物

  eg : I show her the book.

  241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看

  eg: Show me your pen =Show your pen to me.

  242 show sth to sb   向某人展示某物

  eg : I show the book to her.

  243 some…others…  一些……另一些……

  244 start…with… 从……开始

  =begin…with… 从……开始

  245 stay away from   远离……

  eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo. 当我们参观动物园时,我们要远离动物。

  If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food. 如果你想减肥,你最好远离甜食。

  246 stop doing    停下正在做的事

  247 stop sb from doing sth    阻止某人做某事

  248 stop sb(from) doing   阻止某人做某事

  249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做其他的事

  250 such +名    这样 ,这种

  251 suit sb    适合某人

  252 surprise sb    使…惊讶

  to one's surprise  使……惊讶的是;使……感到震惊

  17

  T

  253 take classes   上课

  254 take sb to    把某人带去

  eg : I'll take you to the hospital.

  255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk  散步

  256 ①talk to   对谁说

  eg : I talk to you.

  ② talk with    和谁说

  eg : I talk with him.

  ③ talk of    谈到

  eg : We talked of you.

  ④ talk about    谈论关于……

  257 talk with sb 和某人说话

  258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事

  259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事

  260 tell sb that +从句

  tell a story

  261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事

  262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么

  tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么

  263 tell…from…

  264 thank you for +doing

  265 the same +名词 / 动名词 + as……

  266 as…(adj. / adv.)…as 相同

  267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth.

  做……的方法

  the way to +地方 去……的路

  eg: Do you know the way to learn English

  Do you know the way of learning English

  268 the way to…(地点) 到哪的

  269 too…to… 太怎样而不能……

  adj +enough to 足够…能…

  so…that +丛句

  eg: He is too young to go to school.

  = He is so young that he can't go to school.

  He is old enough to go to school.

  = He is so old that he can go to school.

  270 transalte ……into……  把什么翻译成什么

  eg: Trasalte English into chinese.

  271 travel with sb  和某人去旅游

  272 try one's best to do sth尽某人最大的努力去做某事

  eg: I will try my best to learn English well.

  273 try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功

  try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了

  eg: He tried to climb. 他想爬上去,但没成功

  He tried climbing.   他想爬上去,已经做过了

  274 try…试衣服

  have a try 试一下

  275 turn down 开小

  turn up 开大

  276 turn off 关上

  turn on 打开

  18

  U

  277 upside down 倒着

  19

  V

  278 visit to… 参观某个地方

  20

  W

  279 wait for sb 等某人

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